Solar panels generate power by harnessing the sun’s energy and converting it into electricity for your home. Here’s how the process works:
- Once sunlight reaches your panels, photons and electrons interact to create an electrical current.
- The electrical current travels from your solar panels to your solar inverter, which converts the energy that your panels generate into power that you can use for your home.
- Afterward, the inverter sends that solar power to your breaker box, which sends the energy around the home to power your devices.
- If you have any unused energy, your breaker box sends the energy back to your utility meter for later use. Depending on where you live, you could potentially send this excess energy back to the power grid in exchange for energy credits on future electric bills.
Benefits of Solar In Columbia
There are plenty of reasons to consider solar panels for your Columbia-area home. The combination of potential financial and environmental benefits could have a significant return on investment for your home. Here are a few benefits you could potentially expect to see when you go solar:
- Own Your Power — When you generate your power, you can worry less about constant utility rate increases. This means you can protect your family by avoiding spikes in energy costs and decrease your dependence on the grid.
- Potentially Reduce Your Electric Bill — Owning your power can help you potentially save thousands of dollars on future electric bills.
- Qualify For Federal Tax Credit –Columbia homeowners can currently claim a federal tax credit of up to 26% for installing solar panels on their property.5
- Potentially Increase Your Property’s Value — Research shows that solar can raise your home’s value, which means you could see a high return on investment if you decide to sell your home. When you go solar, your neighbors can see how solar energy impacts your daily life.
- Reduce Your Carbon Footprint — With solar energy, homeowners and business owners can choose a green alternative to fossil fuels and do their part in protecting the earth.
What Happens to Excess Solar Energy?
Since solar panels produce more than enough energy throughout the day, chances are you have unused solar energy. Here’s how you can use that solar energy to your benefit:
Store excess energy in a backup battery.3
If your panels produce excess energy, the extra power can be stored in your Generac battery backup to be used in the event of a grid power outage or at night when your panels are not producing any electricity. In addition, the stored energy can fill the gaps when your home’s solar panels are not producing at full capacity.
Use excess energy via net metering.
Net metering is the process of sending extra energy that your solar panels produce back to the grid in exchange for credits on future electric bills. If your panels produce extra energy, you can be credited for the energy you sell back (often at a 1-to-1 ratio), meaning that you sell it back at the same price you would buy it. This is a great incentive for using solar energy, but it’s important to note that some utility companies do not offer net metering. Availability, excess credits and other requirements vary by area and utility providers.
Solar Panel FAQs
Solar panels operate using the power of the sun. Once sunlight hits the panels, electrons come loose from their atoms, forming an electrical circuit with the conductors in solar cells. These electrons traveling through the circuit create electricity.
Typically, a solar panel’s lifetime is about 25 years with proper care and maintenance. POWERHOME SOLAR’s panels fall into this timeline; our panels last about 25 years.
How many solar panels are needed for your home depends on several factors: your electricity usage, how much shade your roof receives, your location, and the size of your home. Other factors may play a role in determining how many panels are necessary, but these are the most common.
Clouds do not stop sunlight from reaching your solar panels. Even if you live in one of the cloudiest parts of the country, you’ll be able to make use of solar panels. It is worth noting that solar panels will not produce the same amount of electricity as locations that receive mostly sunny days.
No, though that is the easiest way to generate electricity. As long as the sun is out, even if you can’t see it yourself, your solar panels will be working.
We recommend your solar panels face south or west, as those directions get the most direct sun exposure. If your roof does not face in that direction, though, you can still produce electricity with solar panels!
Simple is best when it comes to cleaning your solar panels. Some clean water and a sponge or small towel will work in most cases. Do not use pressure washers on solar panels, as this can damage them.
During an outage, you can make use of the energy from your solar panels by using a battery backup system. That will power up select portions of your home, enough to keep limited backup loads running for a limited amount of time.
There is no one true way to keep snow off your solar panels. However, since solar panels are installed where they will get the most sun, snow should melt off with time once the sun does its work.
Yes! POWERHOME SOLAR’s panels are protected with a sheet of glass. That glass covers up the delicate working parts that create the solar panels, so water is no trouble at all for your panels.
Net metering is the process through which you send excess solar energy produced by your panels back to the grid for points off your upcoming electric bills. It may or may not be offered in your area, so check your local and state government sites for more information.
At certain times throughout the day, your solar panels may produce more electricity than your home needs. You might be able to send this energy to your battery backup system for later use, but another option could be to send it to the grid. By doing so, you might receive points off your upcoming electric bill as compensation for the energy — at no cost to you depending on local legislation and policy.